Gum disease is a bacterial infection that can affect your gums. It is also known as periodontal disease. If left untreated, gum disease can lead to tooth and bone loss.
Stages of Gum Disease
There are three stages of gum disease.
Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease that only occurs in the gums. Gum disease begins when the gums become irritated and inflamed. Bacteria live in the mouth and under the gums. When bacteria are not removed from under the gums, it irritates and inflames the gums.
Periodontal disease is a bacterial infection that attacks the gums and the bone surrounding the teeth. It’s typically caused by poor oral hygiene and can lead to receding gums, bone loss, and even tooth loss. If left untreated, periodontitis can lead to serious health problems like heart disease, stroke, and diabetes.
- Advanced Periodontitis
If periodontitis is left untreated, it can progress to advanced periodontitis. At this point, bacteria are able to reach the roots of your teeth. This can lead to major bone loss and eventually tooth loss.
What Are The Signs And Symptoms of Gum Disease?
Common symptoms of gum disease include the following:
- Red, swollen, or tender gums
- Gums that bleed easily
- Gums that have pulled away from your teeth
- Persistent bad breath
- Receding gums
- Loose teeth
How To Prevent Gum Disease?
The best way to keep your gums healthy is to practice excellent oral hygiene. That means brushing your teeth twice a day, flossing once a day, and seeing your dentist for regular checkups. Your dentist can clean any plaque and tartar buildup from your teeth, as well as give you professional teeth cleanings and dental checkups.
What Does Gum Disease Treatment Involve?
Treatment for gum disease depends on how advanced the gum disease is. If gum disease is mild, it can be treated with scaling and root planing. This involves removing plaque and tartar from the teeth and smoothing the teeth to encourage the gums to reattach.
If the gum disease is more advanced, a surgical procedure called flap surgery may be required. This involves lifting the gums, cleaning the teeth, and suturing the gums in place.
Please reach out to our dental practice in Pleasanton, CA, to have a consultation with our dentist, Dr. Dogra. Please call us at (925) 600-9006 or schedule an online consultation, and we’ll guide you further.